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Biceps Brachii

Triceps Brachii

Latissimus Dorsi

Brachioradialis

Latissimus Dorsi

Longissimus

Brachialis

Coracobrachialis

Biceps Brachii

Rectus Femoris

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MUSCLE

REGION

ORIGIN

INSERTION

PRIMARY 

ACTION

SECONDARY 

ACTION

INNERVATION

deep fibular (peroneal) nerve
(L4, L5)

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Ankle dorsiflexion

medial cuneiform, base of 1st metatarsal

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lateral proximal 2/3 tibia, adjacent interosseous membrane

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Lower Limb

Tibialis Anterior

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dorsal rami of adjacent spinal nerves
(C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6, C7, C8, T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, T8, T9, T10, T11, T12, L1, L2, L3, L4, L5)

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Ipsilateral lumbar to cervical lateral flexion, Ipsilateral lumbar to cervical rotation

lumbar to cervical extension

Transverse processes of T1 to T12, ribs 3 to 12, transverse processes of C2 to C6, mastoid process of temporal bone

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Spinous processes T11 to L5, iliac crest, sacral ligaments, transverse processes of L1 to L5, thoracolumbar fascia, transverse processes of T1 to T6, articular processes of C4 to C7

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Torso

Longissimus

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anterior rami of L1 to L4
(L2, L3)

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Hip flexion

lesser trochanter of femur, Capsule of hip joint

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bodies and transverse processes of T12 to L5, T12 to L5 intervening intervertebral discs

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Lower Limb, Torso

Psoas Major

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ventral rami of T1 to T12
(T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, T8, T9, T10, T11, T12)

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Expiration

2nd to 6th costal cartilages

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body of sternum, xiphoid process, 4th to 7th costal cartilages

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Torso

Transversus Abdominis

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ventral rami of T2 to T6
(T2, T3, T4, T5, T6)

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Inspiration

lateral to angles of 2nd to 5th ribs

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ligamentum nuchae, spinous processes C7 to T3

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Torso

Serratus Posterior Superior

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ventral rami of T7 to T12, L1 spinal nerve
(T7, T8, T9, T10, T11, T12, L1)

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Ipsilateral lumbar to thoracic lateral flexion, contralateral lumbar to thoracic rotation, expiration

Lumbar to thoracic flexion

outer lip of anterior 2/3 iliac crest, linea alba, pubic tubercle, thoracolumbar fascia (TLF)

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5th to 12th ribs, Costal cartilages of 5th to 10th ribs

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Torso

External Oblique

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ventral rami of T6 to T12, L1 spinal nerve
(T6, T7, T8, T9, T10, T11, T12)

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Ipsilateral lumbar to thoracic rotation

Raising intra-abdominal pressure

lateral 1/3 of inguinal ligament, inner lip of anterior 2/3 iliac crest, pubic crest, thoracolumbar fascia (TLF)(most fibres)

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costal cartilages of 7th to 10th ribs, 11th to 12th ribs

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Torso

Transversus thoracis

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ventral rami of the T12 subcostal nerve, L1 to L4 spinal nerve
(T12, L1, L2, L3, L4)

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Ipsilateral lumbar rotation

Lumbar stabilizer

iliac crest, iliolumbar ligament, transverse processes of lumbar vertebrae

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medial half of lower border of rib 12

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Torso

Quadratus lumborum

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lateral plantar nerve
(S1, S2)

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1st MTP adduction

lateral base of 1st proximal phalanx via a sesamoid
bone

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bases of 2nd to 4th metatarsals, plantar & deep transverse MT ligs of 3rd to 5th MTP
joints

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Lower Limb

Adductor Hallucis

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superficial fibular (peroneal) nerve
(L5, S1)

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Ankle eversion

tuberosity on base of 5th metatarsal

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lateral distal 2/3 fibula

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Lower Limb

Fibularis (peroneus) Brevis

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tibial nerve
(S1, S2)

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Ankle plantarflexion

posterior calcaneus via tendocalcaneus

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soleal line of tibia, posterior proximal 1/3 fibula

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Lower Limb

Soleus

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deep fibular (peroneal) nerve
(L5, S1)

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2nd to 4th IP extension

2nd to 4th MTP extension

bases of 2nd to 4th middle phalanx via dorsal digital
expansion, bases of 2nd to 4th distal phalanx via dorsal digital
expansion,

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anterior part of dorsal surface of calcaneus

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Lower Limb

Extensor Digitorum Brevis

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MUSCULOSKELORDLE

Anatomy muscle guessing game

Abductor Digiti Minimi

Lower Limb

Abductor Digiti Minimi

Upper Limb

Abductor Hallucis

Lower Limb

Abductor Pollicis Brevis

Upper Limb

Abductor Pollicis Longus

Upper Limb

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