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Biceps Brachii

Triceps Brachii

Latissimus Dorsi

Brachioradialis

Latissimus Dorsi

Longissimus

Brachialis

Coracobrachialis

Biceps Brachii

Rectus Femoris

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MUSCLE

REGION

ORIGIN

INSERTION

PRIMARY 

ACTION

SECONDARY 

ACTION

INNERVATION

Accessory nerve (XI), Ventral rami C3 to C4, Dorsal rami C3 to T12
(C3, C4)

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Scapular elevation, Scapular depression, Scapular lateral rotation

Scapula retraction

Lateral 1/3 clavicle, Acromion of the scapula, Spine of the scapula

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Superior nuchal line, External occipital pertuberance, Ligamentum nuchae, C7 to T12 spinous processes

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Upper Limb, Torso

Trapezius

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dorsal rami of adjacent spinal nerves
(C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6, C7, C8, T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, T8, T9, T10, T11, T12, L1, L2, L3, L4, L5)

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contralateral lumbar to cervical rotation, ipsilateral lumbar to cervical side flexion

lumbar to cervical extension

Spinous processes of C2 to L5

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posterior sacrum, posterior superior iliac spine, posterior sacroiliac ligaments, mamillary processes of lumbar vertebrae, transverse processes of T1 to T12, articular processes of C3 to C7

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Torso

Multifidus

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dorsal rami of adjacent spinal nerves
(C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6, C7, C8, T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, T8, T9, T10, T11, T12, L1, L2, L3, L4, L5)

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Ipsilateral lumbar to cervical lateral flexion, Ipsilateral lumbar to cervical rotation

lumbar to cervical extension

Transverse processes of T1 to T12, ribs 3 to 12, transverse processes of C2 to C6, mastoid process of temporal bone

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Spinous processes T11 to L5, iliac crest, sacral ligaments, transverse processes of L1 to L5, thoracolumbar fascia, transverse processes of T1 to T6, articular processes of C4 to C7

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Torso

Longissimus

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anterior rami of L1 to L4
(L2, L3)

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Hip flexion

lesser trochanter of femur, Capsule of hip joint

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bodies and transverse processes of T12 to L5, T12 to L5 intervening intervertebral discs

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Lower Limb, Torso

Psoas Major

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ventral rami of the T12 subcostal nerve, L1 to L4 spinal nerve
(T12, L1, L2, L3, L4)

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Ipsilateral lumbar rotation

Lumbar stabilizer

iliac crest, iliolumbar ligament, transverse processes of lumbar vertebrae

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medial half of lower border of rib 12

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Torso

Quadratus lumborum

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Long thoracic nerve
(C5, C6, C7)

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Scapula lateral rotation

Scapula protraction

Medial border of the scapula

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1st to 9th ribs, 1st to 8th intercostal fascia

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Upper Limb, Torso

Serratus Anterior

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ventral rami of T7 to T12, L1 spinal nerve
(T7, T8, T9, T10, T11, T12, L1)

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Core stabilizer

Lumbar to thoracic flexion

pubic symphysis, pubic crest

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xiphoid process, Costal cartilages of 5th to 7th ribs

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Torso

Rectus Abdominis

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tibial nerve
(S1, S2)

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Knee flexion

Ankle plantarflexion

posterior calcaneus via tendocalcaneus

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medial and lateral femoral condyles, capsule of knee joint

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Lower Limb

Gastrocnemius

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Radial nerve
(C6, C7, C8)

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Shoulder extension

Elbow extension

Olecranon process

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Infraglenoid tubercle, Posterior humerus

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Upper Limb

Triceps Brachii

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Thoracodorsal nerve
(C6, C7, C8)

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Shoulder extension, Shoulder adduction, Shoulder internal rotation

Floor of the inter tubercular
groove

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Thoracolumbar fascia, 8th to 12th ribs, Fascia to inferior angle of scapula

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Upper Limb, Torso

Latissimus Dorsi

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ventral rami of T7 to T12, L1 spinal nerve
(T7, T8, T9, T10, T11, T12, L1)

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Ipsilateral lumbar to thoracic lateral flexion, contralateral lumbar to thoracic rotation, expiration

Lumbar to thoracic flexion

outer lip of anterior 2/3 iliac crest, linea alba, pubic tubercle, thoracolumbar fascia (TLF)

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5th to 12th ribs, Costal cartilages of 5th to 10th ribs

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Torso

External Oblique

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ventral rami of T7 to T12, L1 spinal nerve
(T7, T8, T9, T10, T11, T12, L1)

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Ipsilateral lumbar to thoracic lateral flexion, contralateral lumbar to thoracic rotation, expiration

Lumbar to thoracic flexion

outer lip of anterior 2/3 iliac crest, linea alba, pubic tubercle, thoracolumbar fascia (TLF)

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5th to 12th ribs, Costal cartilages of 5th to 10th ribs

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Torso

External Oblique

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MUSCULOSKELORDLE

Torso and Neck Mode

Abductor Digiti Minimi

Upper Limb

Abductor Digiti Minimi

Lower Limb

Abductor Hallucis

Lower Limb

Abductor Pollicis Brevis

Upper Limb

Abductor Pollicis Longus

Upper Limb

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