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Biceps Brachii

Triceps Brachii

Latissimus Dorsi

Brachioradialis

Latissimus Dorsi

Longissimus

Brachialis

Coracobrachialis

Biceps Brachii

Rectus Femoris

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MUSCLE

REGION

ORIGIN

INSERTION

PRIMARY 

ACTION

SECONDARY 

ACTION

INNERVATION

Femoral nerve
(L2, L3, L4)

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Hip flexion

Knee extension

base of patella via quadriceps tendon, tibial tuberosity via patellar ligament/tendon

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anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS), superior to acetabulum

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Lower Limb

Rectus Femoris

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anterior rami of L1 to L4
(L2, L3)

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Hip flexion

lesser trochanter of femur, Capsule of hip joint

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bodies and transverse processes of T12 to L5, T12 to L5 intervening intervertebral discs

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Lower Limb, Torso

Psoas Major

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anterior division of the obturator nerve
(L2, L3)

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Hip adduction, Medial tibial rotation

Knee flexion

medial surface of proximal shaft of tibia via pes anserine

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anterior body of pubis, ischiopubic ramus

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Lower Limb

Gracilis

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ventral rami of C4 to C6
(C4, C5, C6)

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Cervical Ipsilateral lateral flexion and contralateral rotation

Cervical flexion

1st rib

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transverse processes of C3 to C6 vertebra

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Torso

Anterior Scalene

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dorsal rami of adjacent spinal nerves
(C4, C5, C6, C7, C8, T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, T8, T9, T10, T11, T12, L1, L2, L3, L4, L5)

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Ipsilateral lumbar to cervical lateral flexion, Ipsilateral lumbar to cervical rotation

lumbar to cervical extension

near angles of 1st to 12th ribs, transverse processes of C4 to C7

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spinous processes T11 to L5, iliac crest, sacrum/sacral ligaments, transverse processes of L1 to L4, thoracolumbar fascia (TLF), medial to angles of 1st to 12th ribs

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Torso

Iliocostalis

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Axillary nerve
(C5, C6)

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Shoulder flexion, Shoulder extension, Shoulder internal rotation, Shoulder external rotation

Shoulder abduction

Deltoid tuberosity

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Anterior lateral 1/3
of the clavicle, Lower lip of spine of the scapula

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Upper Limb

Deltoid

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lateral plantar nerve
(T1)

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5th MTP flexion

lateral side of 5th proximal phalanx

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base of 5th metatarsal

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Lower Limb

Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis

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lateral plantar nerve
(T1)

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5th MTP flexion

lateral side of 5th proximal phalanx

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base of 5th metatarsal

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Lower Limb

Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis

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tibial nerve
(L4, L5)

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Ankle plantarflexion

Ankle inversion

all tarsal bones except talus, base of 2nd to 4th metatarsal

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proximal 1/2 tibia distal to soleal line, medial proximal 2/3 fibula, adjacent interosseous membrane

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Lower Limb

Tibialis Posterior

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lateral plantar nerve
(T1)

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2nd to 4th MTP abduction, 4rd to 5th MTP flexion

medial side of proximal phalanx of 2nd digit, lateral sides of proximal phalanges of 2nd to 4th digits, capsules of 2nd to 4th MTP joints

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adjacent sides of 1st to 5th metatarsals

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Lower Limb

Dorsal Interossei (all)

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lateral plantar nerve
(S1, S2)

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1st MTP adduction

lateral base of 1st proximal phalanx via a sesamoid
bone

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bases of 2nd to 4th metatarsals, plantar & deep transverse MT ligs of 3rd to 5th MTP
joints

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Lower Limb

Adductor Hallucis

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lateral plantar nerve
(S2, S3)

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2nd to 5th MTP flexion, 2nd to 5th IP flexion

tendon of flexor digitorum longus

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medial and lateral tubercles of tuberosity of calcaneus, long plantar ligament

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Lower Limb

Flexor Accessorius (quadratus Plantae)

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MUSCULOSKELORDLE

Torso and Neck Mode

Abductor Digiti Minimi

Lower Limb

Abductor Digiti Minimi

Upper Limb

Abductor Hallucis

Lower Limb

Abductor Pollicis Brevis

Upper Limb

Abductor Pollicis Longus

Upper Limb

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