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Biceps Brachii

Triceps Brachii

Latissimus Dorsi

Brachioradialis

Latissimus Dorsi

Longissimus

Brachialis

Coracobrachialis

Biceps Brachii

Rectus Femoris

.

MUSCLE

REGION

ORIGIN

INSERTION

PRIMARY 

ACTION

SECONDARY 

ACTION

INNERVATION

dorsal rami of adjacent spinal nerves
(C2, C3, C4, C5, C6, C7, C8, T1, T2, T6, T7, T8, T9, T10)

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contralateral thoracic to cervical rotation

thoracic to cervical extension

spinous processes of C6 to T2, spinous processes of C2 to C6, occipital bone between superior & inferior nuchal lines

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Transverse processes of T6 to T10, transverse processes of T1 to T6, articular processes of C4 to C7

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Torso

Semispinalis

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dorsal rami of adjacent spinal nerves
(C2, C3, C4, C5, C6, C7, C8, T1, T2, T6, T7, T8, T9, T10)

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contralateral thoracic to cervical rotation

thoracic to cervical extension

spinous processes of C6 to T2, spinous processes of C2 to C6, occipital bone between superior & inferior nuchal lines

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Transverse processes of T6 to T10, transverse processes of T1 to T6, articular processes of C4 to C7

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Torso

Semispinalis

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left phrenic nerve, right phrenic nerve, ventral rami of C3 to C5
(C3, C4, C5)

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Raising intra-abdominal pressure

Inspiration

central tendon

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xiphoid process of sternum, costal cartilages of 6th to 10th ribs, 6th to 12th ribs, bodies of upper lumbar vertebrae & IV discs medial & lateral arcuate ligaments

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Torso

Diaphragm

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ventral rami of T7 to T12, L1 spinal nerve
(T7, T8, T9, T10, T11, T12, L1)

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Core stabilizer

Lumbar to thoracic flexion

pubic symphysis, pubic crest

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xiphoid process, Costal cartilages of 5th to 7th ribs

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Torso

Rectus Abdominis

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ventral rami of T7 to T12, L1 spinal nerve
(T7, T8, T9, T10, T11, T12, L1)

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Ipsilateral lumbar to thoracic lateral flexion, ipsilateral lumbar to thoracic rotation, expiration

Lumbar to thoracic flexion

lateral 2/3 of inguinal ligament, middle lip of anterior 2/3 iliac crest, body of pubis, pubic crest, thoracolumbar fascia (TLF) - most fibres

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9th to 12th ribs

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Torso

Internal Oblique

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ventral rami of T7 to T12, L1 spinal nerve
(T7, T8, T9, T10, T11, T12, L1)

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Ipsilateral lumbar to thoracic lateral flexion, contralateral lumbar to thoracic rotation, expiration

Lumbar to thoracic flexion

outer lip of anterior 2/3 iliac crest, linea alba, pubic tubercle, thoracolumbar fascia (TLF)

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5th to 12th ribs, Costal cartilages of 5th to 10th ribs

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Torso

External Oblique

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Long thoracic nerve
(C5, C6, C7)

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Scapula lateral rotation

Scapula protraction

Medial border of the scapula

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1st to 9th ribs, 1st to 8th intercostal fascia

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Upper Limb, Torso

Serratus Anterior

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Radial nerve
(C6, C7, C8)

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Shoulder extension

Elbow extension

Olecranon process

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Infraglenoid tubercle, Posterior humerus

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Upper Limb

Triceps Brachii

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ventral rami of T1 to T12
(T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, T8, T9, T10, T11, T12)

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Expiration

2nd to 6th costal cartilages

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body of sternum, xiphoid process, 4th to 7th costal cartilages

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Torso

Transversus Abdominis

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Tibial nerve
(L5, S1, S2)

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Hip lateral rotation, Lateral tibial rotation

Hip extension, Knee flexion

head of fibula, lateral condyle of tibia

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medial facet of ischial tuberosity, sacrotuberous ligament

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Lower Limb

Biceps Femoris Long Head

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Suprascapular nerve
(C5, C6)

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Shoulder abduction

Shoulder external rotation

Upper facet on the greater
tubercle of the humerus

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Medial 2/3 supraspinous fossa

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Upper Limb

Supraspinatus

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Posterior interrosseous branch of radial nerve
(C7, C8)

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Ulnar deviation

Wrist extension

Medial tubercle of base of 5th metacarpal

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Lateral epicondyle of the humerus

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Upper Limb

Extensor Carpi Ulnaris

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MUSCULOSKELORDLE

Upper Limb Mode

Abductor Digiti Minimi

Upper Limb

Abductor Digiti Minimi

Lower Limb

Abductor Hallucis

Lower Limb

Abductor Pollicis Brevis

Upper Limb

Abductor Pollicis Longus

Upper Limb

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Upper Limb Musculoskelordle
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