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Biceps Brachii

Triceps Brachii

Latissimus Dorsi

Brachioradialis

Latissimus Dorsi

Longissimus

Brachialis

Coracobrachialis

Biceps Brachii

Rectus Femoris

.

MUSCLE

REGION

ORIGIN

INSERTION

PRIMARY 

ACTION

SECONDARY 

ACTION

INNERVATION

ventral rami of C1 to C2
(C1, C2)

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Atlanto-occipital joint stabilizer

Head flexion

occipital bone

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lateral mass of C1 (atlas)

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Torso

Rectus Capitis Anterior

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ventral rami of C1 to C2
(C1, C2)

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Head ipsilateral lateral flexion

occipital bone

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transverse process of C1 (atlas)

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Torso

Rectus Capitis Lateralis

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ventral rami of C6 to C8
(C6, C7, C8)

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2nd rib stabiliser

Cervical Ipsilateral flexion

1st rib

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transverse processes of C1 to C7 vertebrae

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Torso

Posterior Scalene

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Accessory nerve (XI), Ventral rami C3 to C4, Dorsal rami C3 to T12
(C3, C4)

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Scapular elevation, Scapular depression, Scapular lateral rotation

Scapula retraction

Lateral 1/3 clavicle, Acromion of the scapula, Spine of the scapula

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Superior nuchal line, External occipital pertuberance, Ligamentum nuchae, C7 to T12 spinous processes

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Upper Limb, Torso

Trapezius

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lateral plantar nerve
(T1)

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5th MTP flexion

lateral side of 5th proximal phalanx

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base of 5th metatarsal

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Lower Limb

Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis

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lateral plantar nerve
(T1)

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2nd to 4th MTP abduction, 4rd to 5th MTP flexion

medial side of proximal phalanx of 2nd digit, lateral sides of proximal phalanges of 2nd to 4th digits, capsules of 2nd to 4th MTP joints

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adjacent sides of 1st to 5th metatarsals

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Lower Limb

Dorsal Interossei (all)

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lateral plantar nerve
(T1)

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5th MTP abduction

base of 5th proximal phalanx

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medial and lateral tubercles of tuberosity of calcaneus, plantar aponeurosis

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Lower Limb

Abductor Digiti Minimi

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deep fibular (peroneal) nerve
(L5, S1)

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Ankle dorsiflexion

1st MTP extension, 1st IP extension

dorsal surface of base of 1st distal phalanx

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middle 1/2 anterior fibula, adjacent interosseous membrane

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Lower Limb

Extensor Hallucis Longus

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superficial fibular (peroneal) nerve
(L5, S1)

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Ankle eversion

medial cuneiform, base of 1st metatarsal

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lateral condyle of tibia, lateral proximal 2/3 fibula

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Lower Limb

Fibularis (peroneus) Longus

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tibial nerve
(L4, L5)

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Ankle plantarflexion

Ankle inversion

all tarsal bones except talus, base of 2nd to 4th metatarsal

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proximal 1/2 tibia distal to soleal line, medial proximal 2/3 fibula, adjacent interosseous membrane

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Lower Limb

Tibialis Posterior

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Tibial nerve
(L5, S1, S2)

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Hip medial rotation

Hip extension, Knee flexion

anteromedial surface of proximal shaft of tibia via pes anserine

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medial facet of ischial tuberosity

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Lower Limb

Semi-tendinosus

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Femoral nerve
(L2, L3, L4)

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Hip flexion

Knee extension

base of patella via quadriceps tendon, tibial tuberosity via patellar ligament/tendon

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anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS), superior to acetabulum

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Lower Limb

Rectus Femoris

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MUSCULOSKELORDLE

Upper Limb Mode

Abductor Digiti Minimi

Lower Limb

Abductor Digiti Minimi

Upper Limb

Abductor Hallucis

Lower Limb

Abductor Pollicis Brevis

Upper Limb

Abductor Pollicis Longus

Upper Limb

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Upper Limb Musculoskelordle
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